Orthodontia, also called Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, is a specialty field of dentistry that deals primarily with malpositioned teeth and the jaws: their diagnosis, prevention and correction.
Types of Braces
How do braces work?
- Braces apply gentle pressure on to our teeth so as to move them into the desired position over a period of time
- They are adjusted once every month by the orthodontist for a span of 1-1.5yrs depending upon the severity of the case.
When is the best time for Braces?
- The jaws of pre-teens and teens are still growing. Therefore, it is easier to shift teeth at this stage and also do corrections in the jaw position utilising the growth potential of the child.
- Sometime, two separate phases of braces are necessary for treatment.
- Phase I – when patients are 6 to 7 years old, to make room for the permanent teeth to erupt properly
- Phase II – at age 12 (or when permanent teeth have erupted) a second round of braces are applied to straighten teeth and correct bite.
Metal Braces v/s Ceramic braces
Typically made of high-grade stainless steel, traditional metal braces remain by far the most common type of fixed orthodontic appliances. They consist of metal bands that wrap around the molars in back, and smaller metal brackets that are glued to the front surfaces of the other teeth. A thin, springy metal wire, running through the brackets, gently guides the teeth into a proper position.
Clear ceramic braces are a new variation on the traditional system that provides a far less noticeable method of treatment. They use the same components as traditional braces — except that the brackets on the front side of the teeth are made of a translucent ceramic material that blends in with the tooth’s natural color. This system has become a favorite for adults (including some well-known celebrities) because, unless you look closely, it’s hard to notice they’re there.
Self- ligation braces
Self ligation braces are fitted in the same way as traditional metal braces. They use a slide mechanism that attaches wires to brackets to move naturally with the teeth as they realign. This makes them more comfortable, easier to clean, better looking and able to provide strong results in a shorter time.
While ceramic braces certainly offer a less conspicuous look, there is still another system that allows fixed braces to be truly invisible. In some situations, special appliances called lingual braces can be placed on the tongue side of the teeth. They work the same way other metal braces do — but even though they’re made of metal, they can’t be seen, because they’re hidden behind the teeth themselves!
Clear aligners consist of a sequence of clear, removable trays that fit over the teeth to straighten them. Each tray must be worn by the patient for a specified amount of time, usually around 20 hours a day for two weeks, before the patient can progress to the next tray. They are virtually invisible, with no hygiene issues and do not require frequent patient visits.
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